Analysis on Competition Type between Fixed and Mobile Broadband Service in Indonesia

Main Article Content

Wirianto Pradono


Both fixed and mobile broadband technologies are adopted in Indonesia. This study aims to identify the competition model between both of them. Non-linear exponential model is employed to estimate diffusion pattern of both broadband services. Meanwhile, Lotka-Volterra method is applied to identify competition model between those two. Results of the study show that for Indonesia telecommunication market, competition relationship between fixed and mobile broadband are mutualism or win-win solution. Considering topography of the regions of Indonesia especially those categorized as rural area, the existence of both fixed and mobile broadband technologies are crucial to accelerate the distribution of the equal access to broadband internet for all Indonesia people both in urban and rural areas. This becomes more urgent when commercial 5G services is deployed in Indonesia.

Article Details



Bappenas. (2014a). Rencana Pita Lebar Indonesia 2014-2019.

Bappenas. (2014b). Rencana PitaLebar Indonesia (Indonesia Broadband Plan) 2014 - 2019.

Broadband Forum. (2018). 5G Fixed-Mobile Convergence. July, 1–10.

Carol, C. M. (2012). Fixed and mobile broadband: Demand and market structure.

Ericsson. (2019). Ericsson Mobility Report (June 2019). Ericsson White Paper, June, 36.

Grzybowski, L. (2014). Fixed-to-mobile substitution in the European Union. Telecommunications Policy, 38(7), 601–612.

Gupta, R., & Parida, S. (2013). Challenges and Opportunities: Mobile Broadband. International Journal of Future Computer and Communication, January 2013, 660–664.

HUAWEI. (2019). 4G/5G FWA Broadband Industry White Paper.

International Telecommunication Union. (1997). Series 1: Integrated services digital network. General structure - Terminology. 113.

ITU-D. (2021). ITU Statistics on Country ICT Data.

ITU. (2012). The Impact of Broadband on the Economy: Research to Date and Policy Issues. International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Working Paper.

katadata. (2019). Baru 15% Pelanggan Terlayani Jaringan Internet Tetap Pita Lebar pada 2019.

Kementerian Koordinator Bidang Pereknonomian. (2011). MASTER PLAN PERCEPATAN DAN PERLUASAN PEMBANGUNAN EKONOMI INDONESIA 2011-2025.

Lee Seong-Joon, S. J., Lee, D. J., & Oh, H. S. (2005). Technological forecasting at the Korean stock market: A dynamic competition analysis using Lotka-Volterra model. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 72(8), 1044–1057.

Lin, C. S. (2013). Forecasting and analyzing the competitive diffusion of mobile cellular broadband and fixed broadband in Taiwan with limited historical data. Economic Modelling, 35, 207–213.

Nandi, B., & Subramaniam, G. (2011). Evolution in Broadband Technology and Future of Wireless Broadband. In Wireless Technologies (pp. 1928–1957).

Samsung Electronics. (2015). 5G Vision. August, 1–17.

Srinuan, P., Srinuan, C., & Bohlin, E. (2011). Mobile Broadband and Fixed Broadband Battle in Swedish Market: Complementary or Substitution? EUI Working Papers, 36, 1–26.

Srinuan, P., Srinuan, C., & Bohlin, E. (2012). Fixed and mobile broadband substitution in Sweden. Telecommunications Policy, 36(3), 237–251.

Thompson and Garbacz. (2011). Economic impacts of mobile versus fixed broadband. Telecommunications Policy, 35(11), 999–1009.

World Bank. (2003). ICT and MDGs: A World Bank Group Perspective.